## Sunday, May 15, 2022

### Columbus Math Teacher Circle

I was fortunate enough to attend the Columbus Math Teacher Circle yesterday and to share the game Borel as a way to introduce my favorite instructional arc for teaching probability ideas: Intuition, Simulation, Calculation.

Roll three 6-sided dice and one 30-sided dice. Will the difference between the maximum value and minimum value showing on the dice be greater than 15?

If you roll a 16 or less on the 30-sided die, there is no way to get a max–min difference greater than 15. So the only possible way to get a difference greater than 15 is to roll a 17 or greater on the 30d. That is 46.6% of the rolls. But for the roll (17,2,3,4) the difference is 15, so not every roll will produce a difference greater than 15. So the probability of this happening is going to be less than 46.6%.

Here is a GeoGebra simulation as well, where you can run 1 trial or 10 trials at a time, and see a summary of all the max–min differences.

Here is a python script that looks at every roll and and keeps track of the differences